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Neurorehabilitation of patients

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  • Neurorehabilitation of patients
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Neurorehabilitation - patients with stroke, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, peripheral nerve damage, peripheral neuropathy, vertebrogenic neurological syndromes, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Gentry's disease, motion sickness

It is part of medical rehabilitation, which deals with the rehabilitation of patients with progressive bulbar palsy, progressive muscle atrophy), hereditary diseases of the nervous system (torsion dysonia, cerebral ataxia), polyneuropathy, muscular diseases, vertebrogenic neurological syndromes.

Of course, for diseases in which a formed neurological defect is observed (eg, stroke, head and spinal cord trauma) and for progressive degenerative and hereditary diseases (Parkinson's disease, motor neuron disease, etc.), the goals and objectives are different. Thus, stroke, head and spinal cord injuries, peripheral neuropathies and For plexopathies, vertebrogenic radicular and spinal syndromes, the first group of diseases, including cerebral palsy, the main goal of rehabilitation is to achieve full recovery of impaired function as a result of illness or trauma, or if this is not realistic - optimal realization of the disabled person's physical, mental and social potential. Neurorehabilitation is currently considered one of the priority areas of modern medicine. This is primarily due to inventions in the field of the fundamental foundations of plastic processes when its damage to the motor cortex. Neurophysiological and neuroanatomical studies in animals, as well as visualization and other non-invasive methods of brain mapping in humans, have provided irrefutable evidence that the cerebral cortex of an adult is capable of significant functional reconstruction.

 Regardless of the disease, neurorehabilitation is based on the following principles is established:

 - early start of treatment (as far as the patient's somatic condition and state of consciousness allow);
 - comprehensiveness of application of all available and necessary rehabilitation measures;
 - individualization of the rehabilitation program;
 - gradual rehabilitation process;
 - continuity and consistency throughout the rehabilitation stages;
 - social orientation;
 - use of methods to control the adequacy of the load and the effectiveness of rehabilitation.

 Neurosurgical rehabilitation of patients with CNS damage is based on four main components:
 Medical examination and assessment of the general condition.

 Pilkin's examination allows doctors to assess your general condition, physical strength, limitations and other conditions that affect movement, psychological, social, speech therapy rehabilitation. Doctors assess your risk factors for cardiovascular disease and stroke. Based on all the information obtained, doctors are just for you Develops an individual neurorehabilitation program that is safe and effective.

 Full or partial recovery of motor and sensory disorders.

 Motor disorders are one of the most frequent and severe complications of stroke. Restoration of motor function is observed in most patients; During adequate therapeutic gymnastics and kinesitherapy, even patients with severe movement defects begin to stand and walk independently at least 3 to 6 months after the disease. We have achieved excellent results when using a robotic locomotive G-EO complex with verticalization and subsequent walking training capabilities. Absence of a positive result after 3 to 6 months may be due to deep loss of sensation in the paretic limbs and (or) low motivation of the patient to rehabilitation, which is often observed when the severity of the disease is underestimated or ignored (anosognosia).

 Proper lifestyle training.

 Neurosurgical rehabilitation is important One of the highlights is diet. You will be taught to eat properly and choose the most suitable food for you, to avoid excess fat, salt and cholesterol. They will help you to get rid of bad habits, such as smoking, which are not compatible with the healthy lifestyle of the person who had insulin. You will be taught to cope with pain and fatigue. Proper nutrition allows you to lose weight.

 Psychological support.

 Stroke and its aftermath is a serious problem that disrupts your normal lifestyle. This depression can lead to anxiety. You can't work, you can't do ordinary things. Therefore, psychological support is very important. If you have depression, this stage of rehabilitation should not be ignored, otherwise it will be very difficult to recover from the disease. Fighting depression can include both drug therapy and continuous exercise. Performing these exercises will allow you to forget about the disease and a successful recovery will give you strength and energy.